All of us like to believe we are unique. That thinking extends to our passwords too, right? We’re special and distinct, so no one could guess our chosen collection of letters, numbers, and symbols. Unfortunately, it’s surprisingly easy for algorithms to determine passwords extremely quickly. The best way to protect your information is to use a password manager so you can have more complex and varied passwords stored in one place.
Still, your master password for that manager must be 100 percent original. Your password may be difficult for a human to guess, but computers can run through the possible combinations in seconds.
Password Depot found that a password consisting of five characters (three lowercase letters and two numbers) can be hacked in 0.03 seconds. A seven-character password (one capital letter, six lowercase letters) will take approximately nine minutes to crack. At eight characters (four lowercase letters, two special characters, and two numbers) things get more complicated. Trying all the possible permutations would take 2.6 days.
As you add characters, the volume of possible configurations increases, which adds to the time it would take to crack your password.
The power of a password manager
Password managers offer top-notch encryption to protect passwords. When you want to log in online from your desktop, it can prefill your username and password. Often, there is also an app that allows you to do the same on mobile devices. Industry-leading password managers also notify you if your credentials are weak or get compromised. They may also flag that you are repeating access credentials, which is not a good idea.
Don’t forget your master password
Part of the appeal of a password manager is its zero-knowledge approach. They are set up so that they can’t see your stored passwords. The password is encrypted before it reaches the manager’s server and can’t be deciphered. The master password is the one you use to access the password manager. Without it, you’ll have to try to recover your account using several stages of authentication. Make your master password unique, and don’t use it anywhere else.
Repeating passwords, as mentioned above, increases your risk of getting hacked. If the other site is hacked, hackers could try that same password on other sites, too. It’s low-hanging fruit for them.
The current best practice as far as passwords go is to use a passphrase with a mix of alpha-numeric symbols. This gives you a length of between 20 and 30 characters. You can use a variety of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. Some examples of passphrases include:
• My trip 2 Paris was magnifique!
The passphrase means something to you, so it is more memorable. Yet it isn’t easy for hackers to crack. Also, you’re not using specific personal details that you may reveal on social media (unless you are constantly posting pictures of your dog, and its name is actually 761).
Protecting your online identity
Want to know more about protecting your online identity and setting up security procedures for your home computer and network? Our tech experts are available to help. Call us today at 479-419- 4600.